A removable partial denture can replace one or more missing teeth. It is designed specifically to meet the needs of the patient. Esthetic appearance and speech is restored along with the ability to eat confidently and efficiently.
Depending on the teeth remaining in your oral cavity, partial dentures may be completely tooth supported, tissue/tooth supported, and implant/tissue supported.
Partial dentures can be constructed out of a metal and acrylic composition or completely out of acrylic. The design process involved in creating a removable partial (denture) is specific to the patient’s needs.
When a partial denture is designed, the denturist acknowledges that chewing places a strain on the remaining teeth during eating. Partial dentures are designed with this in mind so that the chewing forces can be distributed evenly over the entire remaining teeth and soft tissues. Design modifications to your remaining teeth may be required to help equalize these forces.
Metal partials are considered stronger structurally, thinner and more hygienic than an acrylic partial. Acrylic partials are usually recommended as a transitional or temporary partial.
Your denturist will determine the appropriate treatment plan and the appropriate partial for you.
Removable Partial Denture Benefits
A removable partial denture may help preserve the natural tooth placement of your existing teeth. They ensure proper chewing and digestion by thoroughly grinding your food. A properly designed partial denture will assist in support of your existing teeth.
What to Expect
If it is your first partial or a replacement, it will take time to get used to it. Your tongue and mouth are very sensitive, and the slightest change will be noticeable. Your speech may be affected, but this will normalize with time. Your volume of saliva may also increase, but this, with time, will also normalize.
Inserting Your Partials
Great care must be taken to insert and remove your partials. Do not bite your partial into place. Do not force or lever the partial denture. When inserting or removing your partial, use both hands.
Do not try to bend or otherwise adjust any part of your partial yourself.
The metal clasp around your teeth will not cause any damage to your teeth, but proper care and oral hygiene will minimize the susceptibility to caries and periodontal disease. Damage occurs through improper cleaning and ill-fitting partials. Partials should be checked periodically and changes every five years, since the oral environment undergoes changes that are often not obvious. Teeth should be cleaned by your dentist every six months.
Cleaning Your Partials
Your partial should be removed after every meal and cleaned or at least rinsed. Do not use toothpaste for cleaning your partials as some pastes are very abrasive. You may also use commercial denture cleansers specifically made for partial dentures.